Implementation of the peace agreement on the ground will face many other challenges, given the fragility of a civil-military transitional government, mistrust and competition between signatory movements and certain political parties, as well as growing insecurity in many parts of the country, caused by armed militias, inter-tribe violence, inter-tribe violence , the proliferation of weapons and sabotage by elements of the former regime. There will probably also be opposition from groups such as illegal settlers, who see their interests threatened. The guarantors of the agreement of Chad, Qatar, Egypt, the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations also welcomed the agreement. The international community believes that peace is the opposite of war and that all its efforts must be made to support the peace process. This assumption is false. As I show in a report with the Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa der LSE, The Politics of Numbers, this violence is not despite the existence of the peace process, but because of it. Let me explain. Mahboub Maalim, executive secretary of the East African bloc (IGAD), said the rivals disagreed on security and governance, but that the final version of the agreement had dispelled disagreements. The introduction of last year`s peace pact, which called for a unity government, will take place on 12 November, say the heads of state and government. At least 48 people have been killed and many others injured in ethnic violence in Darfur.
The violence comes less than a week after a peace deal between the government and rebel groups in the troubled region. The peace agreement between the Sudanese interim government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SDF), a broad alliance of armed movements and other movements, and Minni Minawi`s Sudan Liberation Movement is not yet complete as it does not include two other major armed movements. What potentially differentiates the Juba Agreement is that Sudan`s civilian-led transitional government seeks to bring peace, justice and democracy to the goals of the revolution; That the agreement was negotiated between the Sudanese themselves, in the light of South Sudanese mediation and weak logistical and technical support from the international community; and that much of the negotiations took place between former comrades, in stark contrast to the conflicting atmosphere that prevailed during the Bashir era.